After visiting the Chiang Kai Shek Memorial in Taipei, I really wonder how serious Taiwan is about its demarcation from China. The site is monstrous, the cult around this dictator, who died in 1975, cannot be overlooked. The National Theatre Hall and Concert Hall stand on the left and right sides of the square in the form of large Chinese buildings. Reminiscent of the forbidden city in Beijing 😉. To the east of the square stands the memorial hall with its oversized stature.
The Metro Station is called like the sight. Also here you can’t miss the way up from the underground. Arrived at the top, I suspect monstrous.
A dispute about renaming the hall Taiwan-Democracy-Memorial-Hall has been going on since 2007. Depending on who has more power (or money) in the state, this seems to change one way or the other. It’s interesting to note that 98% of Taiwan’s inhabitants are either partly or wholly Han Chinese. So today it’s more about not being subjected to the political system in China than about the fact that they don’t want to have anything to do with culture. However, 50 years of Japanese rule in Taiwan have also left cultural traces that are visible everywhere.
In 1895 the Qing Dynasty handed over the island of Taiwan to Japan. The Republic of China (founded in mainland China in 1912) did not want this and wanted it to be reversed. From 1945 – 1949 the area then comprised China (mainland) and Taiwan. Shortly afterwards the “Republic of China” (Kuomintang) fled with Chiang Kai Shek to Taiwan. Mao Zedong had won against the Kuomintang. Since then there has been the Republic of China (island of Taiwan) and on the mainland the People’s Republic of China. Are you still looking through? I have my problems with it.
The problem will probably only be solved in a few generations or not…
Who was Chiang Kai Shek and why is he still so popular with many Chinese?
He was born in October 1887 in China. Chiang Kai Shek was the supreme commander and long-time president of China. Since 1927 he has been involved in the military and politics. 1945-1949 he was Mao Zedong’s counterpart in the Chinese Civil War. Mao Zedong won with his communists and Chiang Kai Shek with his nationalists fled to Taiwan as a loser with his soldiers and followers. More than a million people followed in the end.
About 6 million people lived in Taiwan. Here he proclaimed the provisional government of the Republic of China and killed many Taiwanese. He was a power-obsessed dictator. The country was ruled authoritarian and supported by the USA. Until his death in 1975, he maintained the claim to the whole of China. And the propaganda in Taiwan also made people believe that they are Chinese in China. Actually, he governed only one country as big as the Netherlands, but did not want to admit until the end that he failed and was also jointly responsible for the Communist Party (KP) being able to govern in China.
Either he is loved or hated. Chinese arrived in Taiwan – first in the 7th century and then increasingly in the 17th century when the Dutch were in Taiwan. The people worship him as the one who wanted to unite the country of China. Or they hate him for his human rights violations and also the fact that this single man did not achieve all this alone, but a lot of people helped him and that none of them was ever called to account. Officials, intellectuals and rich people from Taiwan and neither did the USA, who helped him for a long time with arms deliveries, for example.